Classic varieties of edible fungi
There are many kinds and quantities of woody fungi growing in mountain forests, such as Lentinus edodes, Auricularia auricula, tremella, Hericium erinaceus, Tricholoma matsutake, red mushroom and Boletus. Dung, grass fungus, straw mushroom, Tricholoma, etc. on the fields, roadsides, grasslands and haystacks. High temperature fruiting fungi grow more in the south; Low temperature fruiting fungi grow more in alpine areas and cold areas in the north.
Tremella fuciformis, also known as white fungus, is mild in nature and sweet in taste. It has the effects of Tonifying the kidney and brain, strengthening essence and nourishing Yin, refreshing, managing blood, strengthening, clearing heat and moistening the lung, generating fluid, relieving cough, moistening the intestines and stomach, tonifying qi and strengthening the heart. It contains protein, fat, calcium, polysaccharide, crude fiber, etc. There are three kinds of polysaccharides in Tremella fuciformis, a, B and C, which can inhibit tumor growth, among which Polysaccharide C has the best effect. Other ingredients such as crude fiber and calcium can prevent cancer. It has been confirmed that Tremella preparation can improve the immune function of the body, enhance the phagocytosis of macrophages and increase the content of coffee immunoglobulin, so as to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and achieve the purpose of treatment.
Auricularia auricula, namely black Auricularia auricula, has black brown color, soft texture, delicious taste, rich nutrition and can be vegetarian or meat. It not only adds style to Chinese dishes, but also nourishes blood and beauty, makes skin ruddy and radiant, and can prevent iron deficiency anemia and other medicinal effects. It is mainly distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Fujian, Taiwan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places. It grows on the rotten wood of more than 120 kinds of broad-leaved trees, such as oak, poplar, banyan and Sophora japonica. At present, the artificial cultivation is mainly basswood and bag material. It has the effects of cooling blood, promoting blood circulation, hemostasis, benefiting the stomach and moistening dryness. It contains protein, fat, a variety of sugar tips, vitamins, trace elements, minerals, etc. It also has anti-cancer effect and can cure diabetes. Now it has been made into tablets for oral administration. Its anticancer components and mechanism need to be further studied.
Lentinus edodes, also known as mushroom and winter mushroom, are mild in nature, sweet in taste and non-toxic. They have the effects of Nourishing Yin, moistening lung, nourishing stomach, promoting blood circulation and Qi, strengthening brain and body. It is a kind of health food with high nutrition and low fat. It contains protein, sugar, vitamins and minerals. Among them, there are more than 30 enzymes and 7 essential amino acids for human body. There are 1,3 polysaccharides in Lentinus edodes- β- According to experiments, glucosidase can enhance cellular immunity and humoral immunity and improve the anti-cancer ability of the body. The inhibitory rate of Lentinan on mouse sarcoma was 98%.
Hericium erinaceus, also known as monkey mushroom. It is mild in nature and sweet in taste, which is beneficial to the five zang organs, digestion and deficiency damage. Hericium erinaceus is delicious and nutritious. It contains protein, carbohydrates, fat, crude fiber, 16 kinds of amino acids, minerals and vitamins. Polypeptides, polysaccharides and aliphatic amides extracted from Hericium erinaceus can inhibit sarcoma. At present, the pharmaceutical factory has produced Hougu mushroom tablets, which are effective for gastric cancer, cardiac cancer and esophageal cancer.
Wanda (Hong Kong) Biotechnology Group Co., Ltd. is a large supplier of edible fungi.