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Planting technology (base training)

Flammulina velutipes

Scientific name: Trichoderma

English Name:

Category: wood rot fungus


Flammulina velutipes

quantity of heat 26.00 kcal protein 2.40g
Fat 0.40g carbohydrate 6.00g
dietary fiber 2.70g vitamin A 5.00 μ G
Carotene 30.00 μ G Thiamine 0.15 mg
riboflavin 0.19 mg Nicotinic acid 4.10 mg
vitamin C 2.00 mg vitamin E 1.14 mg
selenium 0.28 μ G copper 0.14 mg
manganese 0.10 mg potassium 195.00 mg
vitamin D 1.00 μ G    


Nutritional value of Flammulina velutipes

Flammulina velutipes is the fruiting body of the fungus winter mushroom of the phylum of fungal plants. It is rich in nutrition and fragrant. The cap is small and delicate, yellowish brown or light yellow, and the shape of the cadre is like a golden needle, so it is called Flammulina velutipes. There is also a white and tender color, called silver needle mushroom. Flammulina velutipes is not only delicious, but also nutritious. It is commonly known as intellectual mushroom. It will become smart after eating


Flammulina velutipes planting technology:

The raw materials are wood rot, corn stamen, cotton shell, peanut shell, bagasse, wine residue, sawdust, etc;

At present, 70% bottle planting and 30% bag planting in China;

The Chinese mainland is currently producing about 500 tons.

The growth temperature of mycelium was 10-18 ℃, the cultivation time of liquid strain was 25 days, and the cultivation time of solid strain was 30 days;

Fruiting bodies grow normally for 25-28 days;

Low pH value: 1500pp


Pleurotus eryngii

Pleurotus eryngii alias: Parsley Pleurotus

English Name:

Category: fungi, Pleurotus, wood rot fungi

Nutritional components of Pleurotus eryngii:


Pleurotus eryngii is rich in nutrition, rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, copper and zinc. It can improve human immune function, and has the effects of anti-cancer, reducing blood lipid, moistening intestines and stomach and beauty; Each 100g of Pleurotus eryngii contains 31.00 calories (kcal), 8.30 carbohydrates (g), 0.10 fat (g), 1.30 protein (g). The protein contains 18 kinds of amino acids, including 8 kinds of amino acids necessary for human body. It is an edible fungus with high nutritional and health care value.


Planting technology of Pleurotus eryngii:

Raw materials: corn pistil, sawdust, cotton shell, bagasse, sawdust, wood rot, etc;

The Chinese mainland has 70% bagging planting patterns, 20% bottle planting models and 10% greenhouse planting.

Bag planting: large, fruiting pine and vegetable, which consumes too much manpower

Bottle planting: small and uniform, high fruiting density, good taste, less manpower for automatic production and high stability;

The daily output of the Chinese mainland is about 400 tons.

The mycelial production temperature is 15-22 ℃, and the growth period is 30 days

The growth temperature of fruiting body is 8-15 ℃, and it becomes a long-term in 23-28 days;

The pH value is low, and the CO2 fitness value is below 1000pp


Agaricus blazei

Brown: Crab mushroom

White mushroom

Long white color: sea moss mushroom

English Name:

Category: basidiomycetes, Umbelliferae, tricholomidae, Yuqin


Nutrient composition of Agaricus blazei:

The water content of every 100g edible part is 92.5g, protein is 2.1g, lipid is 0.3g, Carbohydrates (3.7g of sugar, 0.7G of fiber), 0.7G of ash (including 2mg of calcium, 75mg of phosphorus and 1.1mg of iron), 1U of vitamin A, 0.08mg of vitamin B1 and 0.5mg of vitamin B2 (it can accelerate the metabolism of fat in the body and has the effect of beauty). There are a wide range of amino acids in the protein of mushroom, including 8 kinds of essential amino acids for human body. Among them, the contents of lysine and arginine are higher than those of ordinary mushrooms, which plays an important role in the intelligence and increase of teenagers. It is extracted from the fruiting body of mushroom β- 1,3-D glucan has high anti-tumor activity, and the activity of polyglycolase isolated from mushroom is much higher than that of other mushrooms. Its fruiting body hot water extract and organic solvent extract have the effect of scavenging free radicals in the body. Therefore, it has the unique effects of preventing constipation, anti-cancer, anti-cancer, improving immunity, preventing aging and prolonging life. As a mass consumption food, it has a long shelf life and is a low calorie and low-fat health food.


Cultivation technology of Agaricus blazei:

Raw materials: also belong to wood rot;

Chinese mainland output increased by 150 tons per day.

The incubation period is relatively long, 85-90 days

The growth period of fruiting entity is 25-30 days

Humidity above 90%, illumination above 350lux


Pleurotus ostreatus:

Japanese Name: nameI mushroom, belonging to fungi

The storage period of moss mushroom is very limited, and it is dried and salt frozen;

The incubation period is relatively long, 60-75 days;

It takes about 25 days to grow mushrooms in a bottle;

Two or three tides are planted in bags;

Pleurotus ostreatus: Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus blazei, xiaoheiping

Same genus: the corresponding requirements for bacterial ratio and fruiting body growth are lower. At present, there are many greenhouse planting in China, the CO2 requirements are very low, and the ventilation needs to be sufficient.



It belongs to basidiomycetes, Umbelliferae, tricholomidae and Lentinus. Common name: the temperature range of mycelium growth of fragrant mushroom, fragrant mushroom, Pingzhuang mushroom and vertebral antler is 5-24 ℃, and the most suitable temperature is 24-27 ℃. Lentinus edodes belongs to aerobic fungi. Sufficient fresh air is one of the important environmental conditions to ensure the normal growth and development of Lentinus edodes. The pH value of the culture medium suitable for the growth of Lentinus edodes mycelium is 5-6.


Agaricus bisporus:

It belongs to basidiomycetes, Umbelliferae, Umbelliferae and mushroom. The growth temperature range of Agaricus bisporus mycelium is 4 ℃ - 32 ℃, and the optimum temperature is 22 ℃ - 25 ℃; The growth temperature range of fruiting body is 5 ℃ - 25 ℃, and the optimum temperature is 14 ℃ - 18 ℃; Agaricus bisporus is a kind of aerobic fungus. Therefore, in order to have good ventilation conditions, the mycelium and fruiting body of Agaricus bisporus do not need light, but they can grow under the condition of general scattered light, but can not be irradiated by strong light.

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